Biology 9 - Important Terms for Biodiversity

Dear students before you start learning the third chapter "Biodiversity" you should first understand the important terminologies, it will make it easy for you to learn and understand the concepts.

Biology 9 -  Important Terms for Biodiversity

Biology 9 -  Important Terms for Biodiversity

The terminology used in the chapter the terms to know

  1. Acellular: The organisms/structures that do not have cell organization.g. viruses, viroids, and prions
  2. Animalia: The kingdom that includes multicellular heterotrophs that ingest food and digest in body parts.
  3. Binomial nomenclature: The system of naming organisms. In which the name consists of two words i.e. genetic name and species name.
  4. Biodiversity: The variety of species present in an ecosystem and the variety of organisms in each species.
  5. Class: Alaxon that contains related orders.
  6. Classification: The grouping of organisms on the basis of similarities found in them.
  7. Conservation: Defining the endangered and threatened species and taking measures for their protection.
  8. deforestation: Gutting down trees and converting forests into the non-forest areas.
  9. Endangered species: the species that are at risk of becoming extinct because of a few members on the left.
  10. Family: A taxon that contains related genera.
  11. Fauna: Fauna can refer to the animal life or classification of animals of a certain region, time period, or environment. Found is also of Latin origin. In Raman mythology, Fauna was the sister of Faunus. a good spirit of the forest and plains.
  12. Flora: By definition, the flora is a word of Latin origin referring to flora, the goddess of flowers. FLora can refer to a group of plants, a disquisition of a group of plants, as well as to bacteria. Flora is the root of the word floral. Which means pertaining to flowers.
  13. Fungi: eukaryotic heterotrophs that absorb food and contain chitin in their cell walls.
  14. Genus: A toxin that contains related that species.
  15. Manera: The kingdom that includes prokaryotes.
  16. Order: Ataxin that contains related families.
  17. Phylum: A taxon that contains related classes.
  18. Plantae: The kingdom of multicellular eukaryotic autotrophs.
  19. Prion: the acellular particles that consist of protein only.
  20. Protista: The kingdom containing the unicellular, colonial, or simple multicellular eukaryotes.
  21. soil erosion: Loss of topsoil often resulting from deforestation and wind or water erosion.
  22. Species: A group of similar organisms that can naturally interbreed among themselves to produce fertile offspring.
  23. Systematics: The branch that deals with the classification and evolutionary histories of organisms.
  24. Taxon: The group into which organisms are classified 25. Taxonomic hierarchy: THe arrangement of taxonomic taxa.
  25. Viroid: THe acellular particles that consist of circular RNA only.
  26. Archaebacteria: THe monerans that evolved first and live in extreme.
  27. Eubacteria: The monerans that evolved after the archaebacteria.
  28. Eukaryote: An organism that contains eukaryotic cells.
  29. Monophyletic: In an evolutionary tree. the group of descendants having the same ancestor.
  30. Prokaryote: The organism processing prokaryotic cells.
  31. Subspecies: The smaller division of the taxon species.
  32. Threatened species: The species that is at the risk of becoming extinct in the near future.